Types of counselling: Because there are many ways to work with a therapist

There are many different types of counselling approaches that are effective for different people – there is no one size fits all approach.

Some counsellors practice ‘integrative‘ counselling, which means they draw on and blend specific types of techniques. Other therapists may take elements of several different models and combine them when working with people.

Learn more about the different types of counselling here:

Humanistic Therapies

There are specific types of humanistic therapies including person-centred therapy and solution-focused brief therapy. Generally, humanistic therapies focus on self-development, growth, and responsibilities.

People view the world in different ways, which can then impact their choices, thoughts, and actions in life. Through humanistic therapy, people can recognise their strengths and choices in the ‘here and now’.

For example, if you experience low self-esteem then it can be more difficult to develop personal growth. If you believe that others only respect you if you act a certain way, you may constantly be feeling like you aren’t enough.

Counsellors help you to establish a better understanding of your views to develop self-acceptance.

  • Become more self-aware and reach your full potential
  • Recognise your own abilities and what is possible
  • Self-acceptance to move forward and grow as a person


Behavioural Therapies

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is probably the most well-known behavioural therapy but there are other types such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT).

You may be struggling with unhelpful behaviours, feelings or thoughts which are causing you distress. Often the focus of behavioural therapy is about making positive changes and finding effective ways to manage.

Some counsellors will explore what has happened in your life and how these feelings or behaviours have evolved. With a better understanding of why we act or think in a certain way in particular situations, the more likely we are to overcome them. It can be particularly beneficial to people struggling with anxiety, depression, panic, phobias, obsessive behaviours, and addiction.


Psychodynamic Therapies

Psychodynamic therapies explore unconscious thoughts and perceptions developed throughout your past, and how this may be affecting your current behaviour and thoughts.

Rather than concentrating on a person’s difficulties, these therapies focus on the individual’s personality, exploring the reasons behind specific characteristics and recurring difficulties. Therapists will also support you in making long-lasting, positive changes.

For instance, a person experiencing depression may explore how their reactions to present-day circumstances may have been influenced by past events.


Creative therapies

Creative therapies use arts-based activities with the support of a trained professional. You don’t need to have done these activities before or be experienced in art/music/drama.

Here are some approaches to creative arts therapies:

Art therapy

The use of visual arts materials and media. With support from your therapist, you might use art materials to express your feelings or experiences. Your therapist might sometimes provide ideas or prompts – for example, some art therapy groups might focus on a particular theme or activity each session.

Music therapy

Using music and sounds can be a therapeutic experience. Together with your therapist, you might listen to music or use different types of instruments to explore ways of communicating and expressing your feelings.

Sand tray therapy

Creative therapy uses a sandbox and a large collection of miniature figures. An individual can create scenes of miniature worlds that reflect a person’s inner thoughts, struggles and concerns.


Relationship counselling 

There are many reasons why people may consider relationship counselling. Sometimes relationships can experience issues and a professional counsellor can help you find ways to move forward.  Also known as couples or marriage counselling, a relationship therapist works with a couple to identify issues, explore conflicts and establish goals. In addition, relationship therapy doesn’t always have to be a romantic partnership. It could be a friendship or business partners where both individuals are wanting to try to bring about change or improved communication.


Interested in counselling?

The first step is to complete and return a referral form. Following an assessment, we will pair you with a counsellor best suited to your needs. We want to get it right for you so that you have a good relationship and experience, which will help you to achieve your goals.


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