Types of talking therapy

There are many types of talking therapies. Counsellors may be trained in one approach or blend techniques from different modalities

Types of talking therapy

There are many different types of therapies and they are effective for different people – there is no one size fits all approach.

At the assessment, we will recommend a suitable course of action for you to either help you resolve your difficulties or help you find ways of coping. However, it can be useful to explore what approach or modality you would like to work with.

Some counsellors practice ‘integrative‘ counselling, which means they draw on and blend specific types of techniques. Other therapists may take elements of several different models and combine them when working with clients.

Psychological therapies used with our organisation depend on the training of our counsellors but generally fall into the following categories:

Humanistic therapies

The emphasis is on self-development in the ‘here and now’ and the ability to use personal strengths to grow.

Behavioural therapies

Explores thoughts, feelings, emotions and behaviours which may be causing difficulties.

Psychodynamic therapies

Helps individuals to unravel and understand deep-rooted feelings in order to resolve them.

Relationship counselling

Also known as marriage or couples counselling. Explore, understand and manage differences.

Integrative counselling

Therapists will use techniques and tools from different modalities to tailor an individual approach for you.

Creative therapies

Using art to communicate issues, feelings and emotions which may be too difficult to express in words.

Sand tray therapy

An expressive, non-verbal, creative approach, using miniature objects or figures in a sand tray.


Understand how thoughts, emotions and behaviours can all influence one another and sustain an unhelpful cycle.

Person-centred therapy

With support, a person can work through issues, reach their full potential and become their true self.

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